Purpose Life cycle assessment (LCA) literature evaluating environmental burdens from lithium-ion battery (LIB) production facilities lacks an understanding of how . This paper . This dataset contains the background data for the paper 'Effects of the energy transition on environmental impacts of the cobalt supply: A prospective Life Cycle Assessment study on the future cobalt supply' as published in the Journal of Industrial Ecology. Requirements and guidelines (ISO 14040:2006, 2006 ) (ISO 14044:2006, 2006 ISO, 2006). For years, researchers have been conducting environmental life cycle assessments (E-LCA), in which they comprehensively and systematically calculate the environmental impacts of a product all the. Cobalt compounds are also used in the electrodes for nickel-based batteries (Ni-Cd and Ni-MH) in the form of chemical precursors for production of cobalt dihydroxide. The evaluation of battery life-cycle studies reviewed herein is based on a process life-cycle assessment framework. . In this study, we examined how transitioning to highernickel, lower-cobalt, and high-performance . Abstract and Figures. DOI: 10.1016 . The aim of this study was to provide a transparent inventory for a lithium-ion nickel-cobalt-manganese traction battery based on primary data and to report its cradle-to-gate impacts. For this reason, many decision makers and researchers wondered whether energy and . Cobalt and Embolic (scores: 22.5 Pt and 27.4 Pt, respectively) have less of an environmental impact than the other . In 2015, the Cobalt Institute completed a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of cobalt, focussing on cobalt metal, which was the first of its kind in the cobalt sector. Life Cycle Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Automotive Applications Qiang Dai *, Jarod C. Kelly , Linda Gaines and Michael Wang . Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology, commonly used for the environmental assessment of vehicle technologies (or any other . The study did . This repository contains: Python code + readme to model the variables, generate presamples packages and generate LCA results based on those. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis of the Solar Home System is performed and a hybrid energy storage plant integrating hydrogen and batteries is proposed to face the problem of seasonal solar radiation variability. Methods Nine companies, comprising 19 . Worldwide, almost all technology-intensive industries depend on readily available metallic raw materials. Eutrophication and global warming are the most affected impact categories. The processes covered in the intermediate 2.1 u0007Life cycle scope and the functional unit system include (i) the production of pre-fabricated cell com- ponents (cobalt sulfate solution used in the active cathode The small-scale factory is modelled using inventory data published by Ellingsen et al. Life Cycle Assessment: C4V Lithium-Ion Battery Cells for Electric Vehicles . Nazmul Huda, senior lecturer in mechanical engineering at Macquarie University in Sydney, recently co-authored a life-cycle analysis of the environmental and human health impacts of cobalt production from raw . Compared to the cathode with cobalt, the Li-rich material generates fewer impacts in terms of human health and ecosystem quality. Cobalt and its compounds play a fundamental role in improving the efficient use of resources and the recyclability of end products. We follow the existing approach to set the functional unit as the delivery of 1-kWh electricity over the life cycle of LIBs (20, 24, 25).Notably, the unit CED based on this functional unit is essentially the inverse of the energy return on investment, an important metric to measure the net energy profitability (36-38).Three popular EOL scenarios are assessed and compared, including . LCA Life cycle assessment LCD Liquid crystal display LCI Life cycle inventory LCIA Life cycle impact assessment LCO Lithium cobalt oxide LED Light emitting diode LPG Liquefied petroleum gas MJ Megajoule NOx Generic term for the mono-nitrogen oxides nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) It generated an industry-supported cradle-to-gate life cycle inventory (LCI) and impact assessment results for refined cobalt. Purpose Life cycle assessment (LCA) literature evaluating environmental burdens from lithium-ion battery (LIB) production facilities lacks an understanding of how environmental burdens have changed over time due to a transition to large-scale Comparative Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles (Hawkins et. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to assess the environmental impact of copper exploitation and to compare that impact with the estimated impact of cobalt extraction in the Lubin mine. The updated life cycle inventory (LCI) covers material and energy flows associated with cobalt ore mining, cobalt ore processing, cobalt In the abiotic depletion category gold stood for the largest impact share followed by cobalt, silver and lithium, and all others. This memo documents updates for life cycle analysis (LCA) of cobalt and cobalt chemicals production in the GREET model. Nazmul Huda, senior lecturer in mechanical engineering at Macquarie University in Sydney, recently co-authored a life-cycle analysis of the environmental and human health impacts of cobalt . . Life cycle environmental impacts of a . Through the life cycle assessment (LCA) results and sensitivity analysis, we found that the electricity mix and energy efficiency significantly influence the environmental impacts of both battery production and . With cobaltite-dominated ores (High Ascase), the global warming potential (GWP) was estimated to be 20.9 kg CO 2 -eq, of which 12.7 kg CO 2 -eq was attributed to the hydrometallurgical process. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is one of the widely used tools to evaluate the environmental impacts of the products and services . Vision to prepare this life cycle assessment (LCA) comparing the environmental impacts of PEVs to conventional vehicles. Industry-leading ESG practices and environmental stewardship are important to us, as they are to our partners and our stakeholders." This study analyzes the cradle-to-gate total energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, SOx, NOx, PM10 emissions, and water consumption associated with current industrial production of lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) batteries, with the battery life cycle analysis (LCA) module in the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use . Final Report. The vast majority of cobalt is produced and distributed by mining and trading companies which adhere to CIRAF or comparable industry accepted frameworks and standards. According to ISO 14040, LCA is divided into 4 phases: Definition of the objective and scope, analysis of the life cycle inventory, evaluation of the environmental impact of the life cycle and interpretation. Life-Cycle Assessment Socio-Economic Value Industry Initiatives This study analyzes the cradle-to-gate total energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, SOx, NOx, PM10 emissions, and water consumption associated with current industrial production of lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) batteries, with the battery life cycle analysis (LCA) module in the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use . Recent work emphasizing implications of material scarcity and criticality for clean energy technologies Resources/Skills I can offer Resources/Skills I could use: Material compositional characterization (XRF, ICP-OES) Environmental impact assessment and material flow analysis (MFA . The functional unit is defined as "per km driving of a mid-sized BEV under U.S. average conditions with an overall 200,000 kilometers driving distance, representing approximately 10- years of service life." They did a bottom -up approach and assumed the same energy consumption of battery pack assembly as NMC-graphite batteries. 2.1. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. On October 29, First Cobalt announced: "First Cobalt releases refinery life cycle assessment." Highlights include: . Cobalt-Nickel precipitation pilot . This study presents the life cycle assessment (LCA) of three batteries for plug-in hybrid and full performance battery electric vehicles. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool to assess the potential environmental impacts and resources used throughout a product's life cycle, i.e., from material preparation, via production and use phases, to waste management (ISO, 2006). This paper uses a life cycle assessment to compare a Tesla Model S car to a comparable four door luxury sedan. crocs product life cycle.  lithium iron phosphate (LFP), lithium titanate oxide (LTO), lithium cobalt oxide (LCO), lithium manganese oxide (LMO), nickel cobalt manganese (NCM), nickel cobalt manganese (NCM), nickel cobalt aluminium . Life-cycle Analysis of Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Water Consumption in the 2016 MYPP Algal Biofuel Scenarios: Edward Frank, Ambica Pegallapati, Ryan Davis, Jennifer Markham, Andre Coleman, Sue Johnes, Mark Wigmosta, Yunhua Zhu . Life Cycle Assessment of a Smartphone. The Cobalt Industry Responsible Assessment Framework (CIRAF) enables a coherent and consistent approach to cobalt due diligence and reporting by the cobalt industry. Cobalt industry updates a guideline to increase transparency across value chain 01 June 2022 Electric Vehicles Become the Major Driving Force for Cobalt Demand Growth in 2021 17 May 2022 David Weight Cobalt Scholarship Announced: Assessing the Circular Economy Potential of Cobalt in the UK 03 May 2022 The Cobalt Value Chain . The analysis of the life cycle emissions of EV is based on a study carried out by Dr. Maarten Messagie, Brussels VUB university MOBI research center.1 It . DOI: 10.1038/s41893-022-00895-8. LCA Life cycle assessment LCD Liquid crystal display LCI Life cycle inventory LCIA Life cycle impact assessment LCO Lithium cobalt oxide LED Light emitting diode LPG Liquefied petroleum gas NOx Generic term for the mono-nitrogen oxides nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) PC Polycarbonate . Drawing from the Part 1 findings, Part 2 In this paper, material flow analysis was used to quantitatively track cobalt material flows in China throughout the entire life cycle from 2000 to 2021. The demand for cobalt in electric vehicles and energy storage is set to increase over the coming years. LiPF6 lithium hexafluorophosphate . . DOI: 10.1016 . The primary cobalt and nickel resources in China with lower grade and difficult mining led to the high energy consumption of . Apart from the phases of production, the first use in EVs, and recycling, the repurposing of retired LIBs and their secondary use in the ESS were also included in the system boundary. Life cycle assessment and process simulation of prospective battery-grade cobalt sulfate production from Co-Au ores in Finland Authors: Marja Rinne Aalto University Heini Elomaa Metso Outotec Mari. The study relied primarily on ecoinvent 2.2 data and secondary data from various literature sources. . The global cobalt supply chain can be summarised by the diagram below A multi layered value chain Unlike other metals, cobalt is rarely found in its pure form. Carbon dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emission are highest from cobalt mining. Prepared for: New York State Energy Research and Development Authority . In electric and hybrid vehicles Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs), batteries play a central role and are in the spotlight of scientific community and public opinion. The partnership conducted a screening-level life-cycle assessment (LCA) of currently manufactured lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery technologies for electric vehicles, and a next generation battery component (anode) that uses single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) technology. 2011) or cobalt (Baars et al., 2021; Ciez & Whitacre, 2019; Skeete et al., . The study was carried out as a process-based attributional life cycle assessment. cobalt oxide (NMC) chemistries, this study focuses on LIBs based on one NMC, LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 (NMC111), since it is the predominant cathode chemistry used in EVs that are currently sold in the endocrinologists and many other physicians to be the only indicator required to produce an accurate and comprehensive . . summary of the life-cycle assessment (LCA) process and methodology, provided a literature review of more than 25 existing LCA studies of various lamp types , and performed a meta-analysis comparing LED lamps with incandescent and compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). 4.1.2. More information: Addressing the social life cycle inventory analysis data gap: Insights from a case study of cobalt mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, One Earth (2021). A transparent life cycle inventory (LCI) was compiled in a component-wise manner for nickel metal hydride (NiMH), nickel cobalt manganese lithium-ion (NCM), and iron phosphate lithium-ion (LFP) batteries. Considering Minara Resources produced small amounts of cobalt in their process, the emissions of . Ercan, Mine & Malmodin, Jens & Bergmark, Pernilla & Kimfalk, Emma & Nilsson, Ellinor. Purpose To support the data requirements of stakeholders, the Nickel Institute (NI) conducted a global life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) to show, with indicators, the potential environmental impacts of the production of nickel and ferronickel from mine to refinery gate. This thesis assessed the life-cycle environmental impact of a lithium-ion battery pack intended for energy storage applications. This study presents the life cycle assessment (LCA) of three batteries for plug-in hybrid and full performance battery electric vehicles. . Life cycle. Blasting and electricity consumption in cobalt mining is damaging to the environment. This paper presents the results of an investigation carried out on the impacts of cobalt extraction process using a life cycle assessment by considering a cradle-to-gate system. The environmental impacts were analyzed using midpoint indicators. On behalf of the COBRA initative, Dr. Victor Jos Ferreira presented 'Life-cycle Analysis of a Cobalt-free Li-ion battery to support the renewable energy tra. ERM conducted a peer-reviewed life cycle assessment (LCA) with participation from eight major cobalt producers, who produce cobalt as a by-product from either nickel or copper production.The new dataset has been used as part of the EU Product Environmental Footprint Pilot on rechargeable batteries, and has been incorporated into LCA databases.